Alimony is sometimes known as “spousal support” or “maintenance.” Alimony is the payment of money for the support of one spouse from the other. Note that not every divorce requires the payment of spousal support. In Connecticut, Section 46b-82 governs the law on alimony. There are a set of factors that the Connecticut court will consider when awarding alimony to a spouse.
The factors the court will consider for the amount and duration of alimony include:
- The length of the marriage,
- The causes for the annulment, dissolution of the marriage or legal separation,
- The age, health, station, occupation, amount and sources of income, earning capacity, vocational skills, education, employability, estate and needs of each of the parties,
- The property award, if any, which the court may make, and
- In the case of a parent to whom the custody of minor children has been awarded, the desirability and feasibility of such parent’s securing employment.
There are three types of alimony: (1) temporary, (2) short-term, and (3) long-term (permanent). Temporary alimony is granted while the divorce is pending and it will end when the divorce is final. After the divorce is final, the court may enter no alimony, short-term alimony, or long-term (permanent) alimony. Short-term alimony may be granted for a short period of time to allow the receiving spouse to gain the necessary education or training to become financially independent. Long-term alimony (i.e. permanent) may be granted to a spouse who will never be able to become financially independent. Long-term alimony is usually reserved for marriages of long duration.